COMMON COLD

COMMON COLD

(Acute Ceryza)

DEFINITION OF COMMON COLD

COMMON COLD is an acute illness characterised by inflammation of the mucous membrane of nose and sometimes pharynx by a group of viruses lasting for few days.

AETIOLOGY OF COMMON COLD

Predisposing causes
Debilitating diseases, aggregation or overcrowding in public places, history of contacts-all play some part. After infection by the virus subsequent bacterial infection by pneumo, strepto and staphylococci may develop. In some 30% cases the causative agent cannot be found out.
Incubation Period 24-48 hours.

SYMPTOMS

Onset is acute
Running from the nose, nasal obstruction, sneezing, sore throat, malaise, slight temperature, dryness of mouth, tiredness and cough may be present. Aches and pains all over the body may be seen. There may be feeling of irritation about the eyes which stops after development of obvious conjunctivitis. In Rhinovirus and coronavirus infections the above features are seen. When there is painful red eves from the beginning Adenovirus infection may be suspected. In Myxovirus infection fever and more persisting symptoms are present. These may disappear or may persist for a few days and on the height of this, bacterial infection develops. This leads to continuation of temperature and purulent discharge from the nose, headache and pain over the sinuses and ears due to infection. Pre-existent chronic lung diseases are aggravated.

DIAGNOSIS

Various tests for detecting antibodies may be done like Neutralisation, Hemagglutinin inhibition test, CFT, etc. ELISA is also used.


PROGNOSIS


Good. Immunity is short-lasting, so second attack may occur any time.

TREATMENT

Çommon analgesic drugs and vitamin C in heavy doses are usually given. Benzoin inhalation is also helpful. Nasal decongestants are beneficial. Paracetamol may be helpful in usual dose. In presence of bacterial infections antibiotics may be given.

COMMON COLD

THANKS for reading our posts. we are continuously uploaded new medical related post. so please stay with us and please spread our website. BUTANOBLOG.COM

Recent Posts

  • Respiratory Diseases

TYPES OF SPECIFIC PNEUMONIAS

Staphylococcal Pneumonia It may be a primary respiratory infection or secondary to staphylococcal focus anywhere in the body. It is…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

ACUTE LOBAR PNEUMONIA

It is the commonest of all specific pneumonias. AETIOLOGY Predisposing causes Age: All ages but 50% of cases are below…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

BRONCHIAL ASTHMA DEFINITION OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA BRONCHIAL ASTHMA is a chronic reversible inflammatory destructive disease of the airways characterised by…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

BRONCHIECTASIS

BRONCHIECTASIS DEFINITION BRONCHIECTASIS is a condition of permanent abnormal dilatation of the larger bronchi. AETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS Acquire Obstruction Obstruction…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

CHRONIC BRONCHITIS

CHRONIC BRONCHITIS DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS Chronic bronchitis may be defined as a disease characterised by cough and sputum for…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

ACUTE TRACHEO BRONCHITIS

ACUTE TRACHEO BRONCHITIS DEFINITION ACUTE TRACHEO BRONCHITIS is Acute inflammation of Tracheo bronchial tree caused by various organisms (bacteria and…

2 months ago