DEMYELINATING DISEASES

DEMYELINATING DISEASES are groups of diseases where some clinical and pathological features are found to be common. The most important change is loss of myelin sheath with minimal or no damage to the axis cylinder. The nature of these diseases is uncertain. The diseases included in this group are:

1. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

2. Acute haemorrhagic leucoencephalomyelitis.

3. Multiple sclerosis.

4. Acute transverse Myelopathy.

5. Neuromyelitis optica.

6. Diffuse cerebral sclerosis.

7. Myelopathies in AIDS.

8. Myelopathy of human T cell leukaemia virus infection.

Recent Posts

  • Respiratory Diseases

TYPES OF SPECIFIC PNEUMONIAS

Staphylococcal Pneumonia It may be a primary respiratory infection or secondary to staphylococcal focus anywhere in the body. It is…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

ACUTE LOBAR PNEUMONIA

It is the commonest of all specific pneumonias. AETIOLOGY Predisposing causes Age: All ages but 50% of cases are below…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

DEFINITION OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMA BRONCHIAL ASTHMA is a chronic reversible inflammatory destructive disease of the airways characterised by recurrent paroxysmal…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

BRONCHIECTASIS

DEFINITION BRONCHIECTASIS is a condition of permanent abnormal dilatation of the larger bronchi. AETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS Acquire Obstruction Obstruction of…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

CHRONIC BRONCHITIS

DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS Chronic bronchitis may be defined as a disease characterised by cough and sputum for at least…

2 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

ACUTE TRACHEO BRONCHITIS

DEFINITION ACUTE TRACHEO BRONCHITIS is Acute inflammation of Tracheo bronchial tree caused by various organisms (bacteria and viruses). AETIOLOGY Predisposing…

2 months ago