EPILEPSY is a recurrent paroxysmal cerebral dysrhythmia with abnormal paroxysmal neuronal discharge in the brain, with or without fit.
1. Idiopathic. No. specific cause is present and no pathologic change is present.
2. Symptomatic or Secondary.
CAUSES OF SYMPTOMATIC OR SECONDARY EPILEPSY
Alcohol, cocaine, cardiazole, picrotoxin, lead, organophosphorus compounds (insecticides) etc.
Uraemia (Renal failure), cholaemia (Hepatic encephalopathy), ecclampsia, hypo and hyperglycaemia, porphyria, pyridoxine deficiency.
Asphyxia, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide poisoning, heart block.
Asthma or related conditions.
Teething, fever, helminthic infestation.
Infection and infestations
Cerebral malaria, tetanus, AIDS.
Cerebrovascular disease such as cerebral thrombosis, haemorrhage, cerebral embolism, hypertensive encephalopathy.
Birth injury, head injury
Space occupying lesions
Cerebral tumours, abscess, subdural haematoma.
Encephalitis, meningitis, general paralysis of insane, meningovascular syphilis etc.
Tuberose sclerosis, congenital cerebral diplegia, gumma hydrocephalus.
Classification of Idiopathic Epilepsy
(a) Grand mal epilepsy or major epilepsy or tonic clonic seizure.
(b) Status epilepticus
(c) Absence seizure (petit mal epilpsy)-Typical or Atypical.
(d) Myoclonic seizure.
(e) Tonic seizure.
(f) Akinetic seizure.
Partial seizure (Focal seizures)
(a) Simple (consciousness present).
(b) Complex (consciousness lost).
(c) Focal onset leading to tonic seizure.
https://butanoblog.com/ The most important member of a family is the housewife. He lives as a pillar of a family. Women…
Staphylococcal Pneumonia It may be a primary respiratory infection or secondary to staphylococcal focus anywhere in the body. It is…
It is the commonest of all specific pneumonias. AETIOLOGY Predisposing causes Age: All ages but 50% of cases are below…
DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHIAL ASTHMA BRONCHIAL ASTHMA is a chronic reversible inflammatory destructive disease of the airways characterised by recurrent…
DEFINITION BRONCHIECTASIS SINGS is a condition of permanent abnormal dilatation of the larger bronchi. AETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS Acquire Obstruction Obstruction…
DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS PATIENT Chronic bronchitis may be defined as a disease characterised by cough and sputum for at…