PERICARDITIS

DEFINATION

Inflammation of both the layers of pericardium…..

Types:

. Acute (less than 6 weeks duration)

  1. Dry.
  2. With effusion.

Subacute (more than-6 weeks duration)

  1. Constrictive.
  2. With effusion.

Chronic (more than 6 months duration)

  1. Constrictive
  2. Adherent mediastino-,,
  3. With effusion.

AETIOLOGY:

Infective

  1. Viral (Coxackle, echo, influenza, mumps, hepatitis, varicella, Epstein-Barr, HIV).
  2. Pyogenic (Strepto, Staphylococcal, Pneumococcal, sequela of infective endocarditis).
  3. Tubercular.
  4. Mycotic, fungal or parasitic infection.
  5. Spirochetal: Syphilis, Lyme disease.

Non-infective

  1. Myocardial infarction (within 24 hours of acute MI).
  2. Uraemia (Terminal pericarditis).
  3. Neoplasms (Primary and secondary), lung and oesophagal cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, breast cancer and renal cell cancer are common to involve the heart from adjacent sites. Primary tumour of the pericardium, e.g. mesoendothelioma or sarcoma may also occur.
  4. Myxodema.
  5. Trauma (penetrating and non-penetrating).
  6. During anti-coagulant therapy.
  7. Chylopericardium (in filariasis)
  8. Dissecting aneurysm with haemopericardium.
  9. Severe anemia.
  10. Radiation (it is a subacute or chronic pericarditis developing within one year but may be delayed)
  11. Serum sickness.
  12. Idiopathic (Acute benign pericarditi).

Autoimmunity or Hyperensitivity reaction :

  1. Rheumatic fever.
  2. Collagenosis.
  3. Iatrogenic or drug induced. Procainamide, Isoniazid, Hydralazine, Minoxidil, Penicillin, Methysezide.
  4. Post-cardiac injury (one week to several months after cardiac injury).
  5. a) Dressler’s syndrome.
  6. B) Post pericardiotomy syndrome.

Recent Posts

  • Beauty and Health
  • Diseases
  • Fitness
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Others
  • Yoga

FEMALE FITNESS

https://butanoblog.com/ The most important member of a family is the housewife. He lives as a pillar of a family. Women…

9 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

OTHER TYPES SPECIFIC PNEUMONIAS

Staphylococcal Pneumonia It may be a primary respiratory infection or secondary to staphylococcal focus anywhere in the body. It is…

11 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

ACUTE LOBAR PNEUMONIA

It is the commonest of all specific pneumonias. AETIOLOGY Predisposing causes Age: All ages but 50% of cases are below…

11 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

CHRONIC BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHIAL ASTHMA BRONCHIAL ASTHMA is a chronic reversible inflammatory destructive disease of the airways characterised by recurrent…

11 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

BRONCHIECTASIS SINGS

DEFINITION BRONCHIECTASIS SINGS is a condition of permanent abnormal dilatation of the larger bronchi. AETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS Acquire Obstruction Obstruction…

11 months ago
  • Respiratory Diseases

CHRONIC BRONCHITIS PATIENT

DEFINITION OF CHRONIC BRONCHITIS PATIENT Chronic bronchitis may be defined as a disease characterised by cough and sputum for at…

11 months ago